ASME ASP-2010 pdf free download.Safety Standard for Automotive Service and Maintenance Products.
2-3.5 Alterations
Because of potential hazards associated with this type of equipment, no alterations shall be made to the product.
2-3.6 Attachment and Adapters
Only attachments and adapters supplied by or approved by the manufacturer shall be used. Attachments and adapters shall be marked in accordance with section 2-1 of this Standard. The use of adapters s’ith the host ASMI’ shall not increase the capacity of the host. When attachments or adapters are used with the host, the rated capacity of the system shall be that of the lowest-rated component that makes up the unit.
Producers of ASM Ps shall adhere to a planned, written system of policies and procedures that will assure consistent and continuing conformance to the requirements of this Standard. Conformance to the Standard shall be demonstrated by the testing requirements set forth herein. ISOIIEC Guide 22, “General Criteria for Supplier’s Declaration of Conformity,” should be used as a guide.
2-5.1 DurabIlity Assessment
As part of the design process of all ASM Ps, a durability assessment shall be conducted and documented for the anticipated useful life of the product, and the cumulative effects of repeated use and other potential change in properties shall be considered. In this assessment process, the rated capacity shall be considered.
3-1.1 Scope
This Part applies to shop presses that are used in automotive and truck service centers and maintenance facilities in the removal and installation of bearings on shafts, removal of components that are rusted in place, straightening, and other uses. This Part does not apply to presses that are covered under ANSI Bi 1,2, “Hydraulic Power Presses,” or presses that use manual power, such as a manual screw press.
Representative devices covered by this I’art include shop presses that range from 4 tons to 200 tons of force. These presses may be table mounted or freestanding.
3-1.2 Classification
Shop presses covered by this Part are powered by the following means:
a) pneumatics b) hydraulics
(c) a combination of pneumatics and hydraulics
(d) a combination of electricity and hydraulics
3-1.3 ILlustrations
Figures 3-1.3-1 through 3-1.3-3 show typical shop presses; they are not intended to be all-inclusive.
3-1.4 Definitions
the part of the frame that supports the workpiece. It is usually adjustable to accommodate different openings between the bottom of the retracted cylinder and the top of the lower bolster. The lower bolster is commonly pinned to the uprights so that it can be adjusted.
bolster, upper: the upper part of the frame that usually houses the cylinder. This portion of the press is typically fixed in position by welding or bolting to the uprights.
cables: a means used to adjust the elevation of the lower bolster. Cables typically run over sheaves and are wound around the drum of a winch.
ci,dinder: the means of exerting force to the workpiece that is being assembled, separated, straightened, or compressed. I lydraulic power is typically used, but this does not exclude the use of screw drives or pneumatic cylinders.
3-2.7 Stability
The mounting feet or rails of the press shall be firmlyanchored to the floor or table.
3-2.8 Guarding
3-2.8.1 Manufacturer’s Responsibility. The manu-facturer of the press shall provide a guard that complieswith ANSI B15.1.
3-2.8.2 Owner’s Responsibility. The owner shall beresponsible for making sure the operator is trained inhow to use the guarding and that he wears the requiredpersonal protective equipment (PPE) as described inOSHA regulations.
3-2.9 Proof Load
Each press shall be tested to a proof load based onrated capacity and shall be functional and usable aftersuch a test.The proof load shall be based on the statedcapacity of the press.
a) units with an overload protection circuit shall sus-tain an overload of 150% of rated capacity and meet thecriteria stated above.
(b) Units without an overload protection circuit in thepump or power system shall sustain an overload of 200%of rated capacity and meet the criteria stated above.
3-3.1 Safety Markings
Safety markings shall conform to the ANSI Z535 seriesof standards.The following are examples of safetymarkings:
(a) Study, understand, and follow all instructionsbefore operating the device.
(b)Do not exceed rated capacity.
(c) Prior to use, make sure the press is securelyanchored.